National Cultures

Philippe d’Iribarne, in International Encyclopedia of Organization Studies, Stewart Clegg, James R. Bailey (eds.), Sage, 2008

Multiple layers of culture can be distinguished: one may speak of the specific culture of a family, a region, an ethnic group, a company, and so forth. When the organization of life in a society is the subject of consideration, with all that this implies in terms of the establishment of the rules, procedures, and institutions that frame individuals’ actions, the national level plays an essential role. In every country that has preserved its unity beyond the vicissitudes of history we find largely convergent conceptions of what is a well-ordered society, which does not merely influence the political institutions that govern the society as a whole but leaves its imprint on the functioning of each specific organization.

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