Trois figures de la liberté

Philippe d’Iribarne, Annales, 58ème année, n° 5, septembre-octobre 2003, p. 953-978

Proclaiming the advent of freedom, European societies have largely emancipated themselves from the old world. But the diversity of visions of what constitutes a free man has not disappeared. The Anglo-Saxon attachment to the figure of the proprietor, the German attachment to the member of a collectively sovereign community, and the French attachment to the figure of the noble have endured. Accordingly the role of regulation by the market in the Anglo-Saxon countries, agreements between partners in Germany, and regulation by public authority in France, does not appear as mere historical chance simply maintained by the inertia of institutional constructions, but as ways of building an order that is deeply anchored in the perennial visions of what forms the relationship between the individual and society should take.

You can also be interested in reading :

Marc Bloch, La société féodale, Paris, Albin Michel, [1939] 1968.

John Locke, Two Treatises of Government, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, [1690] 1960.

Immanuel Kant, The Metaphysics of Morals, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, [1796] 2013.

Alexis de Tocqueville, L’Ancien Régime et la Révolution, Paris, Gallimard, [1856] 1952.

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